NaCCA GUIDELINES ON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS

The proposed outline for the in-school is from age 4 years (the notional age for
Kindergarten 1) through to 18 years, the end of the period for pre-tertiary
education.

The topics have been arranged by grade (from Pre-school to Senior High School)
and the notional ages associated with the various classes. In the current structure
of education, children are expected to start pre-school at age 4 years, and the
proposal is to introduce them to personal hygiene and basic values as aspects of
reproductive health. The topics have been arranged taking into consideration,
the horizontal and vertical linkages under sch ool instructions . They have also been
set out in such a way that they lend themselves to the integrated or the
standalone approaches.

 

In the case of the former, the topics can be integrated into subjects that are
appropriate for the stage and age. For instance, at the Primary and JHS levels,
topics on values and rights can be incorporated into Moral and Religious
Education and Social Studies. At the SHS level, the topics on values and rights can
be incorporated into Moral and Religious Education and Social Studies. At the SHS
levels, topics on values and rights can be incorporated into Social Studies,
Integrated Science and other subjects as may be deemed fit (as is currently the
case).

 

The alternative is for the topics to be presented in a standalone cross-cutting
subject in the school system. With this approach, the emphasis should be on civic
responsibilities, gender and development, human rights as well as social and
personal skills (skills for life). Whatever the approach which will be adopted, the
essence is for the core issues to be captured in the syllabus.

 

PRE-SCHOOL (4-5 YEARS)

Module 1 session 1: What we believe in; how we interact
Module 2 Session 1: Personal Hygiene I – Oral Hygiene

 

PRIMARY SCHOOL (6-11 YEARS)

Primary 1 (6 years)
Module 1 Session 1: Values and Society/ Social norms/what we believe in
Module 2 Session 1: personal Hygiene 1 Oral and hygiene
Module 3 Session 1: Myself –being a male or female

 

Primary 2 (7years )

Module 1 Session 2: Reflecting on our own attitudes
Module 2 Session 1: Personal Hygiene II – Body hygiene
Module 4 Session 1: Roles and responsibilities as a child

 

Primary 3 (8 years)

Module 1 Session 2: Recognizing whether something is fair or unfair
Module 4 Session 1: Understanding interpersonal relationships – types and forms
Module 4 Session 2: Families and relationships in our lives
Module 5 Session 3: Concept of gender (maleness and femaleness)

 

Primary 4 (9 years)

Module 3 Session 1: Human growth and development Life Cycle
Module 3 session 2: knowing about one’s body/ Sexual and
Reproductive Organs
Module 2 Session 6: Seeking Health Care
Module 6 Session 2: Developing self-esteem
Module 6 Session 6: Leadership skills 1

 

Primary 5 (10 years)

Module 1 Session 3: Religion and Social Values
Module 3 Session 3: Puberty/Changes as we grow
Module 4 Session 3: Relationships: friendship, dating and courtship
Module 8 Session 1: Population of Ghana
Primary 6 (11 years)
Module 3 Session 4: Fertility, pregnancy-related issues and childbirth
Module 4 Session 4: Relationships: Marriage and family life
Module 5 Session 3: Concept of gender: norms, roles and stereotyping
Module 6 Session 1: Decision making skills
Module 8 Session 2: Population as a resource/ Essence of health population for
national development

 

JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL (JHS) (12-14 YEARS)

JHS 1 (12 years)

Module 1 session 4: Norms in interpersonal relationships
Module 2 Session 3: Sources for SRH services/seeking services
Module 3 Session 5: Fertility regulation –abstinence, contraceptives and
other methods
Module 3 Session 6: Unintended pregnancy and Abortion
Module 5 Session 1: Human rights
Module 5 Session 2: Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights

JHS (13 years)

Module 2 Session 4: Alcohol, Drug and substance abuse
Module 5 Session 4: Respecting gender differences/dealing with
gender discrimination
Module 5 Session 5: Gender and power relations/ Gender and health
Module 6 Session 3: Communication (direct versus i ndirect
communication styles)
Module 6 Session 4: Negotiation skills
Module 6 Session 5: Assertive skills

 

JHS 3 (14 years)

Module 2 session 2: Preventing common diseases/ infections among
adolescents
Module 2 Session 5: Seeking help for drug abuse
Module 6 Session 2: Developing Self-esteem II
Module 7 Session 1: Reproductive tract infections (RTIs)
Module 7 Session 2: About Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV and AIDS

 

Senior high school (SHS) (14-17 years)

SHS 1 (15 years)

Module 5 Session 6: Gender, social and economic mobility, safety and
safe public spaces
Module 5 Session 7: Gender and bodily autonomy
Module 5 Session 8: Gender and violence
Module 5 Session 9: Responding to gender-based/intimate partner violence
Module 5 Session10: Gender Empowerment
Module 6 Session 3: Communication (parent-child, with peers and
in relationships)
Module 6 Session 6: Leadership skills
Module 8 Session 3: Population and development/reaping the demographic
Dividend

 

SHS 2 (16 years)

Module 2 Session 4: Alcohol, Drug and substance abuse
Module 2 Session 5: Seeking help for drug abuse
Module 4 Session 5: Building healthy relationships: empathy, respect and love
Module 4 Session 10: Avoiding violence within relationships/ bullying,
harassment, assault, rape
Module 7 Session 5: Rights and responsibilities related to preventing STIS and HIV
Module 7 Session 7: Care and support/Issues of stigma and discrimination

 

SHS 3 (17 Years)

Module 6 Session 6: Making changes in our lives and the world around us
(Planning for the future/Managing time )

Module 9 Session 1: Concept of change (meaning and process)
Module 9 session 2: Identifying what needs to change
Module 9 Session 3: Identifying person who can make change happen
Module 9 Session 4: Young people as change agents
Module 9 Session 5: Media and Change
Module 9 Session 6: Collaborating with others to achieve change

 

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